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Competitive Obedience > Quadrants of Operant Conditioning - AsitK9Club
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The owner, Asit Bhattacharya, is an ardent dog lover and a Certified Dog Training Professional. After completing his academics, He chose his passion to be his profession and has been training professionally for the last 8 years. Besides providing Dog Training, he helps the Dog Owners teach the Handling Skills to better manage their dogs and thereby better understand their pet friends, as the saying goes: A dog is a man’s best friend, and He helps you make sure that you understand your four-legged best friend even better providing you with those simple tips and techniques. Mentioned below are the courses, Asit has completed that equips him with the skills along with the various articles on Training & Health.


Establishing Pack Structure with your family Pet. (By Ed Frawly)
2. Your Puppy 8 Weeks to 8 Months. (By Ed Frawly)
Basic Dog Obedience. (By Ed Frawly)
4. The Power of Training Dogs with Food. (By Michael Ellis)
5. The Power of Playing Tug with your Dog. (By Michael Ellis)
6. Building Drive, Grip and Focus. (By Bernhard Flinks )
7. Training a Competition Healing Dog. (By Tom Rose)
8. Dealing with Aggressive and Dominant Dogs. (By Ed Frawly)
9. Training the Jumps. ( By Michael Ellis)
10. Training the Retrieve. ( By Michael Ellis)
11. The Object Guard Dog Training. ( By Michael Ellis)
12. How to raise a working Puppy. (By Ed Frawly)
13. The first step of Bite Training. (By Ed Frawly)
14. The Power Of Training Dogs With Markers. (By Michael Ellis )




1. How we Manage Dogs in Our Home- A Road Map to Success. (By Ed Frawly)
2. Basic Dog Obedience. (By Ed Frawly)


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Competitive Obedience

Quadrants of Operant Conditioning

If you are the one interested in positive dog training then you need to know the nuts & bolts of scientific concepts behind positive dog training (Operant Conditioning or Marker Training). I could have discussed this topic on my website in basic obedience segment but I choose it to be stated in here because it takes a huge work for the handler or the owner to understand all these quadrants of operant conditioning (positive dog training) and apply it in their training sessions. As per my experience (as I have visited so many pet owner houses) generally people who have dogs as a house pet, they have a few set of techniques to manage their dogs based on their (Dog’s) temperaments and it doesn’t bother them (Owners) if the dog performs the behavior with a single command or a few repetitive commands for the same behavior. I am also a house pet and competitive dog owner but no matter if its my house pet or a competition dog, I will never repeat a command more than once rather I will go to my dog (assuming that I am busy on computer or with any other stuffs) and make him perform the command what I have just asked him to do. I will never ever loose the importance of my commands because in time it will be a life saving tool for my dogs. I have also seen house pet owners have very small time for their pets for training, walking, outing etc. as they are really busy with their daily work schedule. They are very nice people & they indeed love their dog a lot but unfortunately they can’t give some much needed time to their pets which they (Pets) really need. But if you are some one who has a bug inside your head about advance positive dog training and wants to take part in dog sports or want to have a house pet trained positively then this article will probably help you a lot. Now talking about the positive dog training (operant conditioning), I would like to go to the details here.

Operant Conditioning is basically using consequence manipulation to increase or decrease the frequency of a particular behavior which is based on two main concepts to train an animal, adding something to increase the behavior (REINFORCEMENT) & the removal of something to decrease the behavior (PUNISHMENT). Followed by these two concepts there are “FOUR” quadrants of Operant Conditioning which I will show you here with a diagram for your better understanding and then will explain each one separately.


Positive Reinforcement (Adding stimulus to increase behavior): Adding a stimulus (Desirable) to increase the frequency of behavior. For example: The dog lay down and he gets a high value treat followed by a marker or clicker. Adding the treat is the REINFORCER here and the dog will keep try to do the behavior more frequently to get another treat.

Negative Reinforcement (Remove stimulus to increase behavior): Removing a stimulus [aversive] to increase the frequency of behavior. For example : The dog starts to pull on the leash and you increase the pressure on leash backwards, the harder he pulls forward,  the harder you increase the pressure backward. As soon as the dog stop pulling and look towards you or step back a little the leash pressure goes off followed by a marker or clicker sound immediately. By adding pressure on the leash you are teaching your dog that pulling will not take him anywhere rather if he doesn’t pull the leash pressure will not come.

Positive Punishment (Adding stimulus to decrease behavior): Adding a stimulus [aversive] which will reduce the frequency of behavior. For example : The dog starts to bark & you smack him with a rolling news paper or a hard jerk on the leash immediately to stop doing him what he is doing.

Negative Punishment (Remove stimulus to decrease behavior): Removing a stimulus [desirable] to reduce the frequency of behavior. For example: The dog jumps on you while you hold its food bowl during his feeding time. He jumps and you turn around from him holding the food bowl until the dog settles down & sits. As soon as he sits he gets his food for eating followed by a marker or clicker sound.

I hope you all have got a clear idea how it works. Before applying this concept in your training you must determine when & whether you want to increase or decrease the behavior. If you still have any queries then you can ask me below by clicking on “CLICK ME” option.

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